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One thing about the human psyche is the zest to create something unique and outstanding that would leave a lasting mark in the world. Evers since the ancient times, human beings has molded their dreams of immortality into statues and monuments, cities and palaces. Many times, the outcomes have been spectacular. As part of the human race, Australians have not been left behind when it comes to having spectacular human-made structures.

As home to world-class cities, that is Sydney and Melbourne, Australia has both managed to maintain its natural beauty as well as come up with structures that are considered to be landmarked. Below are ten of these monuments.

1)The Sydney Opera House, Sydney

Formally opened in 1973, the Sydney Opera House was designed by Jorn Utzon, a late modern architecture. The design was a masterpiece, and it pushed engineering and architecture to greater heights. The fantastic design represents the response and interpretation of the equally stunning setting Sydney Harbour. Today, this opera house is one of the busiest in the entire world with up to 2500 events and performances annually. Every year, the opera house attracts about 4 million visitors and 1.5 patrons. In 2007, the Opera House was listed as a World Heritage Center.

2)Sydney Harbour Bridge, Sydney

The construction of the bridge began in 1923, and it took eight years for the work done by 1400 men to be complete. Sir Ralph Freeman designed it. The bridge required 272,000 liters of paint during its construction to give it its initial three coats.

Currently, the bridge has two rail lines and eight traffic lanes. Almost 200.000 cars pass through the bridge every single day. It is the most massive steel arch bridge in the world with the highest point of the bridge being 134 meters from the harbor.

3)Swan Bells, Perth

It is a set of eighteen bells that hang on an 82.5m high glass campanile and copper in Perth. It is one of the change-ringing bells sets that are considered to be the largest in the world. The 82.5 m (271ft) glass campanile and copper were designed by Hames Sharley and were made out of reinforced concrete so that it could hold the heavy bells which weigh 9 tonnes altogether. Famous for its top rated toilets that have amazing views!

Named after the Swan River that overlooks the bells, the bells were given to the people of Western Australia during the bicentennial celebrations in 1988 as part of the festivities. These bells comprise of some of the only royal bells that are known to have left England.

4)Port Arthur, Tasmania

This Australian historical site is home to the most intact convict settlement in Australia. This site includes restored homes and buildings, a harbor, ruins, a coal mine, a factory and an Isle of the Dead. A trip to his site is one which you will live to remember as it has museums, a bistro that serves fresh produce from Tasmania and interactive experiences. It is home to the most infamous prisons in Australia. Previous known as an “inescapable prison,” Port Arthur used to house hardened criminals who were subject to harsh punishment. Even though the prisoners and the guards are now gone, the stories remain.

5)The Great Ocean Road, Victoria

Taking a road tour along the Great Ocean Road is one of the informative and beautiful ways of experiencing this unusual route that goes as far as the southern coast of Australia. It is because if its beauty that this road is known the world over as one of the most spectacular and beautiful highways in the world. Completed I 1923, this road is characterized by amazing sites and great variation. The breathtaking views here include the rugged coastline, the stunning national park and the Southern Ocean not forgetting the unique rock formations like the Twelve Apostles.

6)Shrine of Remembrance, Melbourne

This is a war memorial site. It is patterned to look like the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus. The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus is among the seven wonders of the ancient world. The shrine is divided into different sections which are dedicated to different wars in the battles which the Australians lost their lives for.

7)The Royal Botanic Gardens, Melbourne

While taking a tour of the city of Melbourne, it is very likely that you will get to see the beautiful Royal Botanic Gardens as well as the Royal Exhibition Building. The Royal gardens are recognized as one of the best landscape gardens in Australia as well the world over. The Royal Exhibition Building dates back as far as the 19th century, 1880 to be precise. This dome of this building was inspired by the dome on the Duomo of Florence. Up to date, the building is still used for special events.

8)The Australian War Memorial, Canberra

This is another war memorial that is recognized as an Australian landmark. A visit to this site is a reverent and moving experience. The work of construction of this site started in 1936 and was completed in 1941 at a time when Australia was once again involved in another war. The site was officially opened in 1941 by John Curtin, who was the Prime Minister at the time. It was constructed to be a memorial site for all those who fought for the liberty and honor of Australia.

9)Parliament House, Canberra

Opened on the 9th of May, 1988 by her majesty, Queen Elizabeth the second, the parliament house is both a graceful as well as the deeply symbolic piece of architecture. This building is covered with a turf roof and a topped by a soaring flagpole that is 81m high. The inside is also very much detailed. It includes both the House of Representatives and the Senate. Offices for the Federal Ministers are also found in this marvelous building.

10)Q1 Tower, Queensland

The Q1 Tower which is recognized as one of the iconic landmarks in Queensland is so high that it towers over The Gold Coast and Surfers Paradise. In fact, this tower held the record for being the tallest residential tower in the world. Despite losing the record, the 332.5m Q1 Tower is still the tallest building in the Southern Hemisphere and Australia.


It is highly advisable that you visit human-made sites in Australia during the country’s holiday. It is because not only are these sites visually attractive and unusual, but many of these sites give visitors a chance to learn about Australia and its history.